March 2012


Published by TUNISIANO on Thu, 03/29/2012 - 14:47

Helping the victim of drowning may be dangerous to the first aider as, in many cases, rescue from the water is first necessary. Apart from the dangers of an uncooperative and struggling casualty who may render the potential rescuer in need of urgent rescue from drowning, there are other hazards.

Food Poisoning

Published by TUNISIANO on Thu, 03/29/2012 - 14:38

A poison if gains entry into the body, can cause damage: this may be for a short period or may be permanent. Poisons can be taken into the body by a wide variety of routes. 

Poisons find their way into the body by being swallowed, inhaled, absorbed or injected.The effects can vary greatly depending on the poison involved. Most commonly, poisoning occurs accidentally and involves ordinary substances that are found in and around the house.

Panic Attacks

Published by TUNISIANO on Thu, 03/29/2012 - 14:22

Some people respond abnormally when under stress or faced with an alarming situation, i.e. an accident or on hearing bad news affecting their family. The person becomes agitated and panicked and on occasion may be labelled by some as being hysterical. 

You may notice 

The casualty hyperventilates, with fast and unusually deep breathing.

The casualty trembles: this can be so severe as to cause loss of coordinated movements.



Published by TUNISIANO on Thu, 03/29/2012 - 14:17

A miscarriage is the loss of foetus within the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. In a number of cases the women concerned experience a late and heavy period without realising that they have been pregnant.

If a woman is aware she is pregnant, and experiences a possible miscarriage, she is likely to be extremely concerned and upset.

Heart Problems

Published by TUNISIANO on Thu, 03/29/2012 - 14:11

The heart is a muscular pump that 'beats' regularly throughout life. Each heartbeat is the result of an electrical stimulation that originates from within the heart. Because it is a live organ the heart requires its own supply of blood that provides life-giving oxygen.Heart disease is the single largest cause of death in the world.

Head Injuries

Published by TUNISIANO on Thu, 03/29/2012 - 14:00

The single most useful indicator of a head injury is that the casualty suffers an altered state of consciousness. Head injury is a fairly broad term that covers any injury to the head and may involve impairment to the casualty's level of consciousness.


Published by TUNISIANO on Thu, 03/29/2012 - 13:28

Fever is a raise in temperature beyond the normal body level of 98.4oF most commonly, it is caused by an infection such as chicken pox, measles, flu, etc. it can also be due to overheating through sunstroke.


A raised temperature.

The child complains of feeling hot/or cold.

Flushed skin that is hot to touch.

Sweating or dry skin.

General aches and pains.

Signs of illness e.g. rash. 


Published by TUNISIANO on Thu, 03/29/2012 - 13:24

The most common cause is a very high temperature (fever), due to the young child's brain being less tolerant of variations in body temperature so that a fit (febrile convulsions) results. These fits should not be confused with temper tantrums.Young children and infants can suffer from fits (convulsions) for a number of reasons 

Febrile convulsions 


That the child has a fever.


Published by TUNISIANO on Thu, 03/29/2012 - 13:19

A faint is a brief collapse involving loss of consciousness. It is caused by a reduction in the blood flow to the brain. Fainting can be a reaction to shock, pain or lack of food. Most commonly, however, it occurs when someone is inactive for a prolonged period, such as through standing still, and a significant amount of blood pools in the legs, thus reducing the flow to the brain. 

A faint is a minor event, but on occasions, the casualty may injure him/herself when falling. 

Eye Problem

Published by TUNISIANO on Thu, 03/29/2012 - 12:52

The eye is a very delicate organ. If scarring occurs, on the surface of the eye, blindness may result. The eye can become sore for a number of reasons, and it is important for the first aider to be able to recognise when it is necessary to seek medical aid.


When there is a cut to the surface of the eye.

When the eye has been burned.

When the eye has a discharge.

If you suspect an infection.