Many bites and stings are minor and, although irritating, respond well to simple first aid. Bites from humans and animals may be more serious. Because their mouths harbour many germs that can cause infection,these wounds always require medical attention. Snake bites pose a problems due to the venom that may be injected.
Many insect stings are painful but rarely present any danger to life. Occasionally, someone may be allergic to particular insect stings and suffer a more serious reaction. In more extreme cases, this may be a super-sensitive reaction called anaphylactic shock which can be fatal.
Stings in the Mouth or Throat
The resultant swelling can cause partial or complete obstruction of the casualty’s airway.
Stings in and around the mouth can be fatal and should always be treated as an emergency.
Animal and human bites
Bites from animals (and humans) can leave very nasty wounds. The teeth carry infection into the tissues and any bite that punctures the skin always need to be seen by a doctor. Human bites cause problems due to the crushing of underlying tissues which often is not visible to the first aider.
Animal bites inflicted may transmit rabies. This is a viral infection that affects the nervous system and may be fatal.
Do not approach any animal that shows a fear of water, or is acting in an irrational or aggressive manner.
If you are bitten seek medical help.
Treatment for Bites
For a serious wound.
For a minor wound
The adder (viper) is a snake whose bite is venomous. However, its effects are rarely fatal. Other snakes can be dangerous. Very rarely an exotic snake kept as a pet may bite someone and inflict a more serious, though rarely fatal, injury.
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DO’S AND DON’TS
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