Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus (DMalso known as simply diabetes, is a group of metabolic 

diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period This high 

blood sugar produces the symptoms of frequent urinationincreased thirst, and 

increased hunger.

diseases in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.


This high 

blood sugar produces the symptoms of frequent urinationincreased thirst, and 

This high 

blood sugar produces the symptoms of frequent urinationincreased thirst, and 

This high blood sugar produces the symptoms of frequent urinationincreased thirstand increased hunger.


untreated diabetes can cause many complications such as kidney failure and kidney stones , heart disease and damage to the eyes.


Why does it occur . 

It is due due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin, or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced .


Signs and symptoms 

Classic symptom of untreated diabetes is weight loss

, frequent urination , increased thrust and increased hunger .


Other symptoms that can also occur are blurry vision , headache , fatigue , slow healing of cuts , and itchy skin 




Types of diabetes 

There are three different types of diabetes i.e.

TYPE 1 – known as juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes  caused by bodys failure to produce enough insulin .


TYPE 2- caused when cells fails to respond to insulin properly and is known as non insulin dependant diabetes or adult onset diabetes caused due to excessive body weight 


GESTATIONAL DIABETES – occurs in pregnant women with no previous history of diabetes .


Prevention and treatment –

This involves healthy diet , physical exercise , no use of tobacco and being in normal body weight . 

Blood pressure should be kept under control for people with the disease .

Type 1 diabetes is managed with insulin injections  whereas Type 2 is treated with medication with or without insulin 

Gestational diabetes usually resolves after the birth of the baby.  


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