Congenital anomalies also termed birth defects which is structural or functional anomalies (e.g., metabolic disorders) this problem usually generates during the intrauterine life inside the womb and it can be identified prenatally, at the time of birth itself or can be later in lifeline also. Congenital disorders or Congenital anomalies are the main reason or cause of new born deaths within a certain period like four weeks of birth and can result in long-term disability in life with an impact on society, individuals, families, and health care systems.
A birth defect is a major issue that occurs at the time when a baby is developing in utero. Approximately 10 out of every 120 babies Trusted Source across the globe is born with a birth defect. Birth defects can be normal kind of minor or severe. This disease might affect the actual appearance of the body, or default organ function, and some impact on the physical and mental development. Most of the birth defects are present in the child inside the womb, within the first three months of pregnancy. Some birth defects can be critical while some are harmless. Depend on the defects its treatments go on, in some cases it requires some long-term medical treatment as well. Severe or some critical birth defects are the main reason which leading a great cause of infant death.
What causes birth defects?
Birth defects can be a result of:
- Lifestyle choices and behaviours
- Exposure to certain medications and chemicals
- Infections during pregnancy
- A combination of these factors
Some of these birth defects are clinically apparent at the time of infant birth; while others may only beget treated or diagnosed later in their life. The structural defect like spina bifida is obvious at birth whereas haemophilia is a functional defect that is not obvious until infancy or childhood.
More than 50% of cases regarding the actual cause of congenital anomaly could not be easily detected or identified easily, although there are many diseases, there are some known risk factors that can be connected with the causation of malformation as well. Congenital anomalies can be more frame caused by single gene defects or issues, or maybe chromosomal disorders, environmental teratogens, multifactorial inheritance and micronutrient deficiencies.
How can birth defects be prevented?
Many birth defects and this kind of disorder can’t be easily prevented, but there are few ways to lower or slowly eliminate the actual risk of having a baby with a birth defect. Women who have planned to become pregnant should start adding some folic acid supplements before conception. These kinds of supplements are must be taken throughout the pregnancy cycle. Folic acid has a good factor that helps and prevent defects of the spine and brain function. Prenatal vitamins and their supplements of the following are also must be recommended adding during their pregnancy.