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A faint is a brief collapse involving loss of consciousness. It is caused by a reduction in the blood flow to the brain. Fainting can be a reaction to shock, pain or lack of food. Most commonly, however, it occurs when someone is inactive for a prolonged period, such as through standing still, and a significant amount of blood pools in the legs, thus reducing the flow to the brain.

A faint is a minor event, but on occasions, the casualty may injure him/herself when falling.

You will notice

The casualty collapses and is unconscious.

The pulse is very slow.

The skin is very pale.

You may notice

Complaint of faintness or dizziness.



If you were not the casualty who has apparently fainted, always check the ABC of Resuscitation
Raise the casualty’s legs; use a chair or ask a bystander to give support.

Loosen tight clothing at the neck, chest and waist.

Reassure the casualty and encourage to stay lying down until fully recovered.

Gradually help the casualty to sit and then to stand up.

If still unconscious, after a couple of minutes, turn the casualty into the recovery position and call for an ambulance.

Someone who feels faint


You will notice

Very pale appearance.

Complaint of faintness or giddiness.



Sit the casualty down.

Ask the casualty to put the head between his/her legs.

Loosen any tight clothing at the neck, chest and waist.


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