Feeding Infant

You want to give your baby a nutritious diet so that he remains healthy. How do you ensure that he gets all of the essential vitamins and minerals, calcium and proteins? How can you provide your child with the balanced diet? What do you mean by Balanced Diet? A diet which is rich in all the nutrients for e.g. Vitamins, minerals, fats, proteins etc. is termed as a ’Balanced diet’. It is important that a child’s diet should be both wealthy in quality and quantity.

Baby needs a balanced diet for maintenance of his or her health and optimum growth. If his diet is deficient in nutrients and energy, it may adversely affects his weight gain and body growth. The child’s diet should supply him with adequate proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients in adequate quantities. Pulses and beans have high content of protein and a small amount of fat. Bread is rich in carbohydrates but poor in proteins. Lets see what diet you can bestow on your newly born. Breast milk is the ideal and most complete food for the baby. A mother should feed their infants till the time she has sufficient milk to satisfy his or her hunger.

But besides milk, you can also give the following eatables to your baby:- Mashed bananas Boiled and mashed apples Other seasonal fruits like mango, oranges. Dalia Rice Solution contains "Water, Sugar & Salt". This protects your infant from diarrhoea. And once your child becomes 5 to 6 months old, you can give your chid a balanced diet inform of Bread, Breakfast Cereals, Beans, Chapatis, Cheese, Dals, Maize, Milk, Potatos, Poultry, Rice etc. Considering a child’s small appetite, it is advisable that his food should be rich in nutritive value and that he should eat more often during the course of the day. You can mix various kinds of foods so that his requirements of nutrients are met.

Most infants can start breast feeding within 1-4 hrs of extra uterine life that is after the baby is delivered .

  • By the end of 1st week most healthy infant will take 60-90ml per feeding and 6-9 times in 24 hrs
  • By the end of 1st month most infants will have established a regular schedule for feeding
  • A lot of times till 3-6 weeks the newborn might wake up in the middle of the night to demand feeding but eventually between 4-8 months they will loose interest in late night feeding
  • By 9-12 months of age , they can be kept satisfied with 3 meals per day with snacks

Why your kid might be crying other than hunger?

  • He may not be receiving enough milk
  • May be feeling uncomfortable due to either clothing or gas or wet diapers or feeling hot or cold
  • To gain additional attention
  • Simply needs to be held
  • If the infant is uninterested in food and continue to cry when held chances are they are feeling sick.

Breast Feeding

  • It is the most ideal and safe form of complete food as the protein present in it provides good biological value.
  • It usually occurs till 18-24 months according to WHO.
  • Advantages of breast feeding
  • A child is that it provides with the adequate quality and quantity of nutrients.
  • It has anti infective properties which helps   the child
  • Prevents allergy
  • Psychologically helps in fostering the mother and child’s relationship , helps the kid in feeling secure and emotionally stable and gives the kid a sense of fulfillment and joy.
  • It is protective against diseases like necrotizing enterocholitis ( medical condition in which a part of bowel dies), otitis media (inflammatory disease of middle ear) and dental caries

Things not recommended for newborns

  • Cows milk – much higher in protein , is low in iron , and may result in blood loss in stools
  • Skimmed milk or low fat milk very low fat content and is deficient in vit c and iron
  • Goats milk it is just like cow’s milk

Introduction of solid food

  • Usually done at about 4-6 months of age
  • Milk supply may no longer meet the nutrient requirements for growth
  • When the kid has better head control and is able to sit with support or briefly
  • Food  to start with – mashed fruits or vegetables and semi solid food
    • At around 6-8 months when infant shows gumming or develops chewing motion solids like biscuits or egg whites can be given.
    • Lifelong dietary habits may established at this time hence excessive salt and sugar intake should be discouraged
    • By 8 months child can eat snack foods
    • By 12 months child can eat the same food consumed by the whole family
    • Avoid food that may cause choking like nuts or grapes or any large particle
    • Do not give drinks with low nutrient value , such as tea , coffee or soda
    • Limit the amount of juice provided and switch it with fruits
 
 

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