Trichotillomania (TTM) is the most common disorder whereas the name suggests a disease harder where it is usually known as hair-pulling disorder, this condition frequently leads to the great loss of hair, wherein case which the affected person with this disorder will experiencing a repeatedly pulls out, twists out, or breaks off the hair from any part of the body for the reason of non-cosmetic.
The types of the hair-pulling disorder may run in families which is common. It also usually happens more commonly in those with the condition of obsessive-compulsive disorder. While each session of pulling of hair may be triggered by anxiety as well normally. In most cases, people usually acknowledge that they pull their hair. While several other conditions may also have chance to present similarly which we can include body dysmorphic disorder, moreover, in those types of condition people usually remove their hair from the body to try to improve the condition of actually what they see as a problem in how they look on.
Usually affected people with the condition of trichotillomania will normally lead to pull out hair from the head as well as from eyelashes, eyebrows, and/or hair on other parts of the body as well, such as the underarm, chin, chest, or leg areas as well. The condition which generally performs where it may pull out their hair intentionally or unconsciously sometimes.
Symptoms and the Signs
The condition of hair-pulling disorder or the behaviour which has even rarely been to occurred which was reported to happen during sleep. Trichotillomania is also specified in the most recent Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a disorder of the obsessive-compulsive spectrum.
The condition of hair-pulling or trichotillomania can manifest differently in meanwhile depending on the person, in most case it usually has five distinct characteristics:
- Recurrent pulling out of one’s hair resulting in great loss of hair
- A raising sense of tension and also the stress also immediately prior to pulling out the hair.
- Pleasure, gratification, or relief when pulling out the hair from the part.
- The disturbance is not yet accounted for by an any types of mental disorder and is not due to a general medical condition such as alopecia areata
- The disturbance which normally causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, or other important areas of functioning as well.
Causes and Risk Factors
While the researchers and the doctors over the specialist under this condition still not known any the reason, while no one knows for sure what causes trichotillomania, biological forces as well as behavioural, learning, and psychological factors are thought to play a role in the area.