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Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG)

A hysterosalpingogram is a simple x-ray procedure that is used to see whether the fallopian tubes are normal or patent (open) and if the inside of the uterus is normal in functioning. HSG is completely easily where an outpatient procedure takes less than 6 minutes to perform the procedure. This test is taken before ovulation and only after the menstrual period ends.

In this case, many patients wonder if the test will result to have severe pain. The right answer for this is the pain may vary from person to person. Additionally, the severe various pain can be treated with specified medications that can be used, as needed, to complete the procedure more comfortable.

How the patient is prepared for the HSG test?

In this test before taking your doctor usually as your complete history regarding pregnancy and any allergies to HSG should not be processed on a pregnant woman. Also, this procedure must not be practiced in inflammatory conditions like a chronic pelvic infection or having an untreated sexually transmitted disease. Before the patient was given antibiotics to solve or prevent infection and to kill pain to reduce the discomfort during the test procedure.

Does a hysterosalpingogram enhance fertility?

Some research and studies show that it has a slightly raised up infertility lasting more than 3 months and more even after a normal HSG. Most doctors perform HSG tests only for treat or diagnostic reasons.

What are the risks and complications of HSG?

HSG test was considered to be a very safe procedure.

• Infection - The most common serious problem with HSG is pelvic infection. This usually occurs when a woman has had previous tubal. In rare cases, the infection can damage the fallopian tubes or make it necessary to remove them.

• Radiation Exposure – Radiation which gets exposure from an HSG is very low, less which the process is completely safe than with a kidney or bowel study.

• Iodine Allergy – This condition occurs in which rarely a woman may experience an allergy to the iodine contrast used in HSG. If a woman undergoing this problem, she must inform her doctor if she is allergic to iodine, intravenous contrast dyes, or any other type of seafood.

• Spotting – Spotting usually or very rarely occur to some for 1-2 days after HSG. if it occurs, a woman should notify her doctor if she experiences heavy bleeding after HSG.

How is a Hysterosalpingogram done?

Hysterosalpingography is a method that uses a real-time form of x-ray called fluoroscopy to detect or examine the uterus and fallopian tubes are normally functioning or not? If not what's the reason, the procedure completely helps to resolve the problems.

A woman is said to be positioned under a fluoroscope which is an x-ray imager that can take pictures during the study on a table. The doctor examines the patient’s uterus and starts the procedure by placing a speculum in her vagina.

Before the treatment, her cervix is completely cleaned, and a cannula is placed into the opening of the cervix. A liquid containing iodine (a fluid that can be seen by x-ray) is slowly pushed through the cannula. And then the result will address the right problem of infertility.


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