Hysteroscopy is an infertility treatment for which has a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside your uterus in order to treat or diagnose the actual causes of abnormal bleeding in the place. Hysteroscopy is the process that is done using a hysteroscope, which is a thin, lighted tube that is inserted into the vagina to check the cervix and inside of the uterus. Operative hysteroscopy can be used to remove polyps, fibroids and adhesions.
As this procedure, your doctor may recommend hysteroscopy as a part of your cost-effective infertility treatment or workup, as in the cervix, the endocervical canal, the uterine cavity, and the fallopian tubes should be evaluated to look for any possible cause of infertility. However, if the woman has heavy bleeding over menstrual periods with severe cramping, for them even Hysteroscopy is the good treatment to suggest.
For visual confirmation of another test, there are several situations in which your doctor may recommend for to treat as this procedure. As it can be used for either surgical or diagnostic purposes. It may be used:
- To aid in the removal of fibroids and polyps
- In conjunction with a laparoscopic procedure
- Prior to a dilation and curettage procedure
- To discover any malformation of the uterus
What is diagnostic hysteroscopy?
Diagnostic hysteroscopy is a treatment that is used to diagnose problems in the uterus. Diagnostic hysteroscopy is also much commonly used to confirm results of other tests, such as hysterosalpingography (HSG). HSG is an X-ray dye test that is used to check the uterus and fallopian tubes.
How is the hysteroscopy procedure done?
During the treatment of this procedure, a vaginal speculum is used to dilate the cervix for some space. As the hysteroscope is inserted into the cervix to reach the uterus of the lower end.
In the process, the carbon dioxide gas or saline solution is passed through the hysteroscope into the uterus to expand it. This is which makes the doctor or allow them to have a clear view of the uterine structure. It becomes easier to examine each part minutely, such as the lining of the cervix, the endometrial lining, and the opening of the fallopian tubes.
During the procedure, if any abnormality is found, then the doctor may do a curettage after hysteroscopy. The endometrial tissue may be sent to the laboratory to check for any pathological findings.
Hysteroscopy Side Effects
As the all-medical procedure will have some of the risks which are associated with them. The complications that can arise after a hysteroscopy procedure are:
- You may have affected or problems with the anesthesia given.
- Which are much rarely, there may be tearing or damage to your cervix.
- You may contract an infection of the uterus or fallopian tubes after the procedure.
- Bleeding may occur, and there might be uterine perforation.
- You may face a problem with the carbon dioxide gas or saline solution that was inserted. Excessive fluid absorption by the body may cause nausea and vomiting.
- The hysteroscope could damage the nearby organs like the ovaries, bladder, or bowels.