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Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a very common disorder that usually affects the large intestine. Some major signs and symptoms which include feeling like cramping, severe abdominal pain, the bloating, gas, and diarrhoea or constipation, or both in some case. IBS is also a chronic condition that you'll need to go for or to manage for the long term.

While only a smaller number of people with IBS have critical or severe signs and its symptoms. Some people can easily manage or control their symptoms by their known diet, lifestyle and stress. More-severe cause of symptoms can be treated with medication and counselling. IBS normally doesn't cause any changes in bowel tissue or it does not increase your risk of colorectal cancer as well.

Symptoms and Signs of Irritable bowel syndrome

Some signs and symptoms of IBS have variation but are usually present for a long time. The most common which include:

  • Abdominal pain, cramping or bloating that is much more related to passing an action of bowel movement.
  • Changes in the appearance of bowel movement 
  • Changes in how often you are having a bowel movement

While other symptoms which are often most related or which it include bloating, or increase in gas or mucus in the stool.


The actual cause of IBS isn't known. Factors that may appear to play a role, which includes:

Muscle contractions in the intestine. The walls of the intestines are lined with the layers of muscle that normally contract as they move food through your digestive tract. The contractions of these muscles that are stronger and last longer than normal can cause gas, or bloating and diarrhoea.

Nervous system. While some abnormalities in the nerves in the digestive system can cause you to experience higher discomfort when your abdomen which stretches from gas or stool. Poorly coordinated signals between the brain and the intestines can cause your body to overreact over the process to changes that normally occur in the digestive process, resulting in pain, diarrhoea.

Severe infection. IBS can also develop after a severe bout of diarrhoea which is also caused by bacteria or a virus. IBS might also be associated with a surplus of bacteria in the intestines as well.


Triggers of IBS

  • Some symptoms of IBS can be triggered by:
    Food.  A true food allergy, which also rarely causes IBS. But while many people have worsened the IBS symptoms when they eat or drink certain foods or beverages, including wheat, dairy products, citrus fruits, beans.
  • Stress. Many people with IBS actually experience worse or more frequent signs and symptoms during periods of increased high stress. But while stress may have some symptoms, it doesn't cause them in major.


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