Polio also referred to as poliomyelitis medically is a major serious disease, which normally occurred by infection with some of the 3 strains of poliovirus. This virus has the capacity to live for 6 weeks alive. In most cases, it was spread via water, and food or the contaminated hands or faeces (poo) or maybe the throat secretions of somebody who is already infected by the virus. The infected person experience may or may not have any types of signs and symptoms in their body, but still has the ability to spread the virus freely.
Symptoms and their signs may also vary, or it depends from mild flu-like symptoms to the critical condition of life-threatening paralysis. While in less than 1% of cases, polio causes permanent paralysis of the arms, legs or breathing muscles as well. In most cases in between 5% and 10% of people who develop paralytic polio will die sprightly.
In most cases where physical symptoms may emerge for at least 15 years or more that after the first polio infection. These new signs are also called ‘late effects of polio. They also include weakness of new muscles, the joints and the muscle pain and also fatigue.
Symptoms and Signs of Polio and post-polio syndrome
The most common signs and the symptoms of post-polio syndrome which also include:
- Progressive joints and muscle weakness and the severe pain
- Normal fatigue and the exhaustion with minimal moments
- Muscle atrophy
- Breathing or some problems in swallowing
- Sleep-related breathing disorders, such as sleep apnea
- Decreased tolerance of cold and low temperatures
Polio infection is in most case often damages or it destroys many of these working motor neurons. To get in compensate for the shortage of resulting neurons, where the remaining other neurons also sprout new fibres in it generally, and the case where surviving motor units will enlarge.
This also promotes a speedy recovery of the process of your affected muscles, but it also pushes forward the nerve and its cell body to get nourished Highley over the additional fibres. While the case, where this stress may be more than the neuron can be handling, which also leads to the gradual formation of the sprouted fibres and, of them within the process over neuron itself.
The major factors that can raise your risk of developing post-polio syndrome which include:
Age at onset of initial illness. If you have developed a polio as an adolescent or in the case where the adults rather than as a child, your chances of having or developing post-polio syndrome is high or increase.
Recovery. Your recovery has the faster process after acute polio, the more likely it seems that the post-polio syndrome will develop because it has greater recovery places additional stress on motor neurons.
Excessive physical activity. If you have practiced over certain exercises to the point where of its level of exhaustion or fatigue, if you overwork or if you already stressed-out motor neurons and it also increases your risk of post-polio syndrome as well.