Sunburn is a burn caused by the sun . Over-exposure can cause severe burns and considerable discomfort. Sunburn can also be caused by sunlamps and sunbeds. Certain prescribed drugs can make the skin more sensitive to the sun and cause earlier and more rapid sunburn.
For sunburn to occur, it is not always necessary for it to be a bright and sunny day. ’skyshine can cause serious burning. Many skiers have become sunburned due to the reflection of the sun off the snow.
You will notice
An area of red skin associated with slight discomfort (mild sunburn).
An area of intensely red skin associated with more severe discomfort and pain that radiates heat (severe sunburn).
You may notice
Do not apply oils and fatty substances, e.g. butter, margarine, etc. These will only serve further to intensify the burning just as surely as if they were being used in a frying pan.
Remove the casualty from the sun into a place of cool shelter so as to obtain immediate relief from the heat.
Cool the area by applying cold water; for larger areas, soak non-fluffy materials in cold water and lay them over the affected area. Continue cooling until relief is achieved.
If blisters are present do not attempt to burst them (this can cause a serious infection). Cover them with a light dressing.
If blisters are present or the casualty remains in severe discomfort, seek medical advice. If you suspect heat stroke, call for an ambulance.
Advice or assist the casualty to use a proprietary after-sun lotion or calamine lotion on the affected area.
A word of warning: babies, young children, and the fair-skinned are most at risk from the effects of the sun . To may people a ’healthy tan’ may be the symbol of a good holiday, it is well proven that skin cancer tends to occur in those who regularly expose themselves to the sun.
Sunburn in Children
Children’s skin is extremely sensitive to exposure to the sun. Golden brown skin after sun bathing is rightly called sunburn.
You may notice
Redness of the skin.
Associated itching or pain.
If there is blistering or skin damage, seek medical advice. Do not burst any blisters.
Cool the area by sponging with cold water.
Use calamine lotion or after-sun lotion to provide continued coolling.
Check with a doctor.