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What is assisted reproductive technology (ART)

What is assisted reproductive technology (ART)

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the method or the procedure which is to treat the condition to tackle infertility problems. Infertility can be the condition in which the inability to get conceive even after more than one year of trying without the usage of contraception. Infertility conditions can be rarely treated by natural methods, which condition can be seen in both females and males. ART techniques use or include the usage of procedures such as ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection), IVF (in vitro fertilization), cryopreservation of embryos or gametes, use of medication fertility, and so on. The method is referred to as fertility treatment when the procedures are used to solve infertility problems most probably. In general, ART is used to resolve infertility and reproductive endocrinology problems.

As for this treatment of Assisted reproductive technology which treats infertility and this treatment involves for to check and determining both a man’s sperm and a woman’s egg. The method which starts from which the procedure begins by extracting eggs from a woman’s body and then after it fusing with the sperm to generate embryos this process. After getting a result of the embryo then it was transferred back to the woman’s body. However, the most commonly used method of ART, the most effective one is In Vitro fertilization or IVF which is based on this principle.

In the ART techniques, some use a donor egg, donor sperms, or embryos that have been previously frozen. In some cases, techniques also involve a gestational carrier or surrogate. A process where when a woman gets conceives with an egg from a female and sperm from a male partner is known to be a surrogate. The risk factor which involves which is commonly occurring complications of ART is lead to having minimized in occurring of multiple pregnancies and can be prevented by restricting the count of embryos that are inserted into the body of a woman.

Types of Assisted Reproductive Technology

Some commonly used methods of ART include

1. In vitro fertilization (IVF) – The most common one which is used or processed form of ART is IVF. In this process, fertilization and its development occur outside the body.

2. Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) – This procedure involves the transfer of eggs and sperm directly into the fallopian tube of a woman in place direct to where fertilization takes occurs.

3. Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) – This process is also called tubal embryo transfer which the process is slighter similar to IVF wherein fertilization takes place outside the body.

4. Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) – These processes are the methods or technique which is effective and it's usually used for couples where if the male is facing infertile issues. Sometimes it is also used for those with failed IVF attempts or even for older couples.

5. Artificial insemination – Deliberate introduction of sperms into the female’s cervix directly to achieve pregnancy without sexual intercourse.

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