What should I do if I have monkey pox to prevent spreading the disease to others?

Your doctor will recommend whether you should receive care in a hospital or at home if you have monkeypox. This will depend on the severity of your symptoms, whether you have risk factors that put you at risk for symptoms that are more severe, and if you can reduce the chance that everyone you live with will become infected.

If staying home alone is suggested, you shouldn’t leave the house. Protect those you share a home with as much as you can by:

Stay secluded in a different room

Use a distinct restroom, or after each use, cleaning

Avoid sweeping or vacuuming and instead clean regularly touched surfaces with soap, water, and a home disinfectant (this might disturb virus particles and cause others to become infected)

Use distinct dishes, towels, beds, and gadgets

Doing your own laundry (carefully lifting bedding, clothing, and towels without shaking them, placing items in plastic bags before transporting them to the washer, and washing them in hot water more than 60 degrees)

Window openings for effective ventilation

Encouraging everyone in the household to routinely wash their hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer that contains alcohol.

Do your best to reduce their danger if you can’t avoid being in the same room as someone else or being in close proximity to someone else when you’re alone at home by:

Avoiding physical contact

Frequently wash your hands

Wearing garments or applying bandages on your rash

Letting all the windows in the house open

Make sure you and everyone else in the room are wearing properly fitting medical masks

Keeping a minimum distance of 1 metre.

If you are unable to wash your own laundry and someone else needs to do it for you, they should wear a medical mask that fits comfortably, disposable gloves, and follow the aforementioned laundry safety procedures.

Is a vaccination available to prevent monkeypox?

Yes. Recently, a vaccination for monkeypox was licenced. For people who are at risk, several nations advise immunisation. For the smallpox illness, which has been eliminated, better and safer vaccinations have been developed. These vaccines may also be helpful for monkeypox.

One of these has been authorised for use in monkeypox prophylaxis. Only those who are vulnerable should be thought about getting vaccinated, such as those who have had intimate contact with someone who has monkeypox. At this time, mass immunisation is not advised.

Although the smallpox vaccination has been found to be protective against monkeypox in the past, there is currently minimal information on the efficacy of more recent smallpox/monkeypox vaccines in preventing monkeypox in clinical settings and in the field. It will be possible to quickly generate new data on the efficacy of these vaccinations in various contexts by examining the usage of monkeypox vaccines wherever they are used.

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